Cardini et al 1998

Acupuncture & Moxibustion use for Breech Presentation
Randomised Controlled Trial published in the Journal of American Association (JAMA)

Over 100 women were involved in a study in which at 33 weeks, all of their babies were breech.  At 35 weeks of pregnancy 75.4% in the group which were treated with acupuncture and moxibustion had cephalic babies (head down), vs. 47.7% in the control group.

Less women (8.6%)  required the use of an artificial oxytocin hormone drip during labour in the acupuncture group vs. the control group (31.3%).


The study found a reassuring pattern in that there were no problems with the placenta or increased stillbirth in the group of women who received acupuncture.  

There were equal rates of premature rupture of membranes in both groups, however, the number of premature births was lower in the group.

Cardini, F., Weixin,. 'Moxibustion for correction of breech presentation: a randomised control: a randomized control trial', The Journal of the American Medical Association, Nov 1998. vol (18) pp. 1580-1584

Rabl et al 2001

Acupuncture for cervical ripening- Randomised controlled trial

The aim of the study was to observe whether acupuncture at 40 weeks of pregnancy can influence the cervix in the view of reduce the need for inductions.

45 women took part in this study, half had acupuncture three times per week while the other was the 'control group'. The women were then examined at two daily intervals for cervical length by scan. If women had not delivered once they were 10 days past their due date, labour was medically induced. 

Labour was induced in 20% of the acupuncture group compared with 35% in the control group with an average of 5 days overdue in the acupuncture group compared with 7.9 days in the control group. 

Rabl, M., Ahner, R., Bitschanau, M., Zaeisler, H., Husslein, P. 'Acupuncture for cervical ripening and Induction of labor at Term: a randomised control trial'. Wien Klin Wochenschr, Dec 2001. vol (23) pp. 942-946



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